Francesco Polenghi was born in Milan in 1936. In 1955, he moved to New York, where he attended New York University and graduated in Economy in 1961. He lived in New York until 1966, when he moved back to Milan. During that period he carried out in-depth research on Spinoza, which was to have a deep influence on his painting. In 1977, he went to India for the first time. In 1981, he decided to remain in India until 1988. When he returned to Italy he met Arturo Schwarz, with whom he shared a deep interest in Spinoza and Oriental philosophy. Their intellectual exchange has continued uninterrupted ever since.